What to know in regards to the Taliban and Islamic regulation


Within the wake of the Taliban takeover of Afghanistan, fears are rising that Afghan ladies will endure the kind of harsh remedy they encountered throughout the Nineteen Nineties, when the Taliban imposed their hard-line interpretation of Sunni Islam on them, a type of oppression that helped make Afghanistan a pariah state on the time.


What’s the official place of the Taliban towards ladies?

Since seizing management of Afghanistan, the Taliban have tried to mission a extra average picture than after they have been final in energy within the Nineteen Nineties. At their first press convention, Zabiullah Mujahid, the spokesman for the Taliban, pledged to respect the rights of girls throughout the limits of Islam, however didn’t elaborate on what these limits are.

“We wish to guarantee the worldwide neighborhood that there’s not going to be any discrimination in opposition to ladies,” he mentioned. “However in fact throughout the framework that we have now. Our ladies are Muslim.”

He mentioned ladies could be allowed to work and obtain an training, however didn’t supply particular guarantees.

The attainable vary of restrictions—on ladies’s costume, on the vary of jobs that might be open to ladies and on the extent to which gender segregation might be imposed—are inflicting many inside and out of doors Afghanistan to concern the worst for ladies’s freedoms.

How are the Taliban behaving towards ladies?

In some areas of Afghanistan that fell to Taliban management in latest weeks, the group imposed restrictions on ladies. Ladies have been banned from leaving the home and not using a male family member and compelled to put on burqas, which cowl a lady from head to toe. Some commanders demanded households hand over single ladies to marry their fighters. In Kabul, photos of girls exterior magnificence parlors have been painted over or ripped off. Feminine lecturers have been barred from educating to boys. Feminine journalists employed by state TV, now beneath Taliban management, have been stopped from going to work.

How was Afghanistan for ladies when the Taliban have been in energy within the Nineteen Nineties?

The Taliban authorities’s oppression of girls was an enormous cause Afghanistan was a pariah state within the Nineteen Nineties. Woman faculties have been closed, ladies have been banned from most professions, and principally confined to their houses. Outdoor they have been compelled to put on burqas.

What’s Shariah regulation?

Shariah regulation is the authorized system that’s derived from the Quran in addition to different holy Islamic texts. It lays out the principles for Muslim life, starting from find out how to pray to charitable acts and fasting. Non secular students use the texts to derive solutions on particular questions that aren’t clearly addressed within the holy texts. However interpretations of Islamic regulation differ extensively.

Saudi Arabia and Iran impose their very own variations of Islamic regulation, together with costume codes for ladies and gender segregation in some public locations.

The Taliban comply with a very strict interpretation of Sunni Islam. However they haven’t elaborated on their present interpretation of Islamic regulation as utilized to ladies.

What are the U.S. and its allies doing to assist Afghan ladies?

Selling better gender equality was a key aim of the U.S.-led army intervention. Whereas Afghanistan stays deeply conservative, significantly in rural areas, large progress was remodeled the previous 20 years. Women’ faculties opened, ladies enrolled in universities and pursued careers in fields together with politics, journalism and even the army.

Ladies who got here of age in massive cities resembling Kabul throughout the U.S. occupation benefited probably the most from these advances and have probably the most to lose beneath the brand new Taliban regime.

Now, the U.S. and its allies have appealed to the Taliban to ensure the rights of Afghan ladies and ladies, however have restricted capability to verify this occurs. In a joint assertion, they mentioned they’re keen to assist Afghan ladies with humanitarian help.

The Taliban need legitimacy and cash. The worldwide neighborhood might use that as leverage to safe guarantees from the Taliban on ladies’s rights.

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